Dependent Intersection:
A New Way of Defining Records in Type Theory.

Alexei Kopylov.
Dependent Intersection: A New Way of Defining Records in Type Theory.
In Proceedings of 18th IEEE Symposium on Logic in Computer Science (LICS), pages 86–95, IEEE Computer Society Press, 2003.
PDF (176 KB), PostScript (146 KB)

Older version of this paper is available as
Technical Report TR2000-1809, Computer Science Department, Cornell University, August 2000.
Cornell Tech Reports Entry, PostScript (149 KB)


Records and dependent records are a powerful tool for programming, representing mathematical concepts, and program verification. In the last decade several type systems with records as primitive types were proposed. The question is arose: whether it is possible to define record type in existent type theories using standard types without introducing new primitives.

It was known that independent records can be defined in type theories with dependent functions or intersection. On the other hand dependent records cannot be formed using standard types. Hickey introduced a complex notion of very dependent functions to represent dependent records. In the current paper we extend Martin-Löf type theory with a simpler type constructor dependent intersection, i.e., the intersection of two types, where the second type may depend on elements of the first one (not to be confused with the intersection of a family of types). This new type constructor allows us to define dependent records in a very simple way. It also allows us to define the set type constructor.


Type theory, record, dependent records, abstract data type, intersection.